International Journal of Pioneering Technology and Engineering (IJPTE) (ISSN 2822-454X) is an open-access journal with the objective of publishing quality research articles in science, medicine, agriculture, and engineering such as Nanotechnology, Climate Change and GlobalWarming, Air Pollution Management, and Electronics, etc. All papers published by IJPTE are blind peer-reviewed. Our journal is published 2 (two) issues per year. IJPTE's objective is to provide a forum for scientific publication and discussion of the state–of the–art in Engineering.